On 26 January 2024, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) announced that it has received a €10 million grant from the European Commission to support regulatory systems in Africa, and in particular for the setting up of the African Medicines Agency (AMA). Although still in its early stages as an agency, AMA shows significant promise to harmonize the regulatory landscape across the continent in order to improve access to quality, safe and efficacious medical products in Africa. Other key organizations who are working to establish and implement the vision set out for AMA include the African Union (AU), comprising of 55 member states in Africa, the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Of importance, AMA is expected to play an important role in facilitating intra-regional trade for pharmaceuticals in the context of the Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).
Background to AMA and medicines regulation in Africa
Africa currently has limited harmonization of medicines regulation between jurisdictions. The functionality and regulatory capacity of national medicines regulatory authorities varies significantly. For example, many national regulators lack the technical expertise to independently assess innovative marketing authorization applications and instead adopt “reliance” procedures, whereby authorization by a foreign stringent regulatory authority or registration as a WHO pre-qualified product may be a condition for approval. Pharmaceutical manufacturers seeking to conduct multinational clinical trials or launch their products across Africa can often face challenges when navigating the divergent requirements for each country (and can face additional delays during each approval process).
Multiple initiatives in the last decade have aimed to increase the harmonization of medicines regulation across Africa with varying degrees of success, such as:Continue Reading EMA announces €10 million of funding to support the establishment of the African Medicines Agency