On February 20, Speaker Mike Johnson (R-LA) and Democratic Leader Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY) announced a new Artificial Intelligence (AI) task force in the House of Representatives, with the goal of developing principles and policies to promote U.S. leadership and security with respect to AI. Rep. Jay Olbernolte (R-CA) will chair the task force, joined by Rep. Ted Lieu (D-CA) as co-chair. Several other senior members of the California delegation, including Rep. Darrell Issa (R-CA) and retiring Rep. Anna Eshoo (D-CA), will participate in the effort as well.
So far, much of the congressional activity on AI has taken place in the Senate. Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) convened a bipartisan working group last spring, and Senate committees have held more than 30 hearings on the topic. Legislation is moving as a result: AI-related bills including the Transparent Automated Governance (TAG) Act (S. 1865), AI Leadership To Enable Accountable Deployment (AI LEAD) Act (S. 2293), and AI Leadership Training Act (S. 1564)—all sponsored by Sen. Gary Peters (D-MI)—have moved through committee, though no comprehensive AI legislation has yet become law this Congress.
House Task Force member Rep. Don Beyer (D-VA), who is pursuing a graduate degree in machine learning at George Mason University, announced the new working group recently. He outlined ambitious goals for the group, including drafting, if not passing, as many as ten “major AI bills” in 2024. Beyer noted that the task force will prioritize the bipartisan and bicameral Creating Resources for Every American To Experiment with Artificial Intelligence (CREATE AI) Act (S. 2714/H.R. 5077) to promote safe, innovative AI research in the United States. He has personally sponsored or cosponsored several AI bills this Congress, including the AI Foundation Model Transparency Act (H.R. 6881), the Artificial Intelligence Environmental Impacts Act (H.R. 7197), the Federal Artificial Intelligence Risk Management Act of 2024 (H.R. 6936), and the Block Nuclear Launch by Autonomous Artificial Intelligence Act (H.R. 2894).
These bills are among the more than 30 comprehensive and targeted AI bills that members have introduced this Congress to foster transparency, protect against fake or misleading content, bolster national security, and otherwise promote AI leadership or regulate AI technology.
The creation of the House Task Force with bipartisan buy-in from leadership may signal renewed momentum on AI regulation this Congress. Yet the prospect of comprehensive federal AI legislation passing through either chamber of Congress—much less becoming law—in a presidential election year remains uncertain, despite AI remaining a major priority for policymakers at all levels. Executive agencies continue to implement the Biden Administration’s comprehensive executive order to promote responsible AI development, and we expect states to continue to adopt their own AI legislation, particularly as the technology advances.